Map number 6: is dated 1190 and shows the further reduction of the Byzantine Empire due to the rise of the Turks who have occupied all former Arab lands and have taken most of Asia minor. Also see that the most important political division of Europe is called the Holy Roman Empire and the Papal States are called the Patrimony of Peter. This political power in Europe of Papacy ruling temporal lands and crowning the kings of Europe was about 400 years old at the time this map depicts.
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